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斷橋鋁門窗設備銑刀的使用要點!

來源:http://www.zzzjzh.com/ 發布時間:2022-03-15
一:作業環境
1: Working environment
設備需安裝防護罩,防止因鋸片、碎片飛散造成人身傷害和財產損失。
The equipment shall be equipped with protective cover to prevent personal injury and property loss caused by saw blade and debris flying.
作業場所應遠離易燃易爆品。
The workplace should be away from inflammables and explosives.
二:服裝、防護用具
2: Clothing and protective equipment
作業者必須佩帶保護眼鏡、工作帽,防止造成人身傷害。
Operators must wear protective glasses and work caps to prevent personal injury.
作業者必須穿戴整齊工作服和工作鞋才能作業,不能戴手套,且長發要安置于工作帽內,以防發生危險。
The operator must wear the work clothes and work cap in order to prevent danger, and the operator must wear long hair and work gloves.
三:使用前注意
3: Attention before use
確認設備是否良好,主軸精度,軸心公差H7。
Confirm whether the equipment is in good condition, spindle accuracy and axis tolerance H7.
檢查銑刀有無缺損、脫落、異常磨損、板體有無彎曲、扭曲、裂痕等異?,F場。
Check whether the milling cutter has defects, falls off, abnormal wear, and whether the plate body has bending, distortion, cracks and other abnormal sites.
確認所選銑刀是否合適切削材料,如選擇錯誤,可能造成銑刀破損、發生人身傷害。
Confirm whether the selected milling cutter is suitable for cutting materials. If the selection is wrong, the milling cutter may be damaged and personal injury may occur.
四:銑刀的安裝
4: Installation of milling cutter
保證銑刀與法蘭的潔凈。法蘭直徑在鋸片的直徑1/3-1/4之間。
Ensure the cleanness of milling cutter and flange. The flange diameter is between 1 / 3-1 / 4 of the diameter of the saw blade.
保證銑刀按正確的回轉方向安裝,回轉不正確會造成銑刀刀頭損壞及人身傷害事故。
Ensure that the milling cutter is installed in the correct rotation direction. Incorrect rotation will cause damage to the milling cutter head and personal injury.
保證所選的銑刀中孔與主軸的軸心要一致,無間隙安裝好法蘭盤,擰緊螺母。
Ensure that the middle hole of the selected milling cutter is consistent with the axis of the main shaft without clearance, install the flange and tighten the nut.
作業前,確認前方無人,然后空轉,檢查設備有無振動,檢查銑刀有無橫向擺動和徑向跳動等異?,F象。
Before operation, confirm that there is no one in front, then idle, check the equipment for vibration, and check the milling cutter for abnormal phenomena such as lateral swing and radial runout.
五:銑刀使用中
5: Milling cutter in use
銑刀不能用來作規定用途之外的工作,否則會影響使用效果,出現銑刀破損等異?,F象。
The milling cutter cannot be used for work other than the specified purpose, otherwise it will affect the use effect and cause abnormal phenomena such as milling cutter damage.
銑刀使用時被切的工件需固定,以免造成異常切入,從而導致銑刀破損,碎片飛散發生人身傷害和財產損失。
When the milling cutter is used, the workpiece to be cut shall be fixed to avoid abnormal cutting, resulting in damage of the milling cutter, flying debris, personal injury and property loss.
銑刀切割時必須直線送料,不得將材料強行推入,否則會因送料過度而發生銑刀損壞,碎片飛散,發生人身傷害和財產損失。
The milling cutter must be fed in a straight line when cutting, and the materials shall not be pushed in forcibly, otherwise the milling cutter will be damaged, fragments will fly away, personal injury and property loss will occur due to excessive feeding.
斷橋鋁門窗加工設備
銑刀在切割時確認被切工件無鋼材等異物,否則會損壞銑刀。
When cutting, the milling cutter shall confirm that the workpiece to be cut is free of steel and other foreign matters, otherwise the milling cutter will be damaged.
銑刀在切割時如有異常振動,切割面粗糙或彎曲時,必須停止操作檢查設備及時排除故障。
If the milling cutter has abnormal vibration during cutting, and the cutting surface is rough or bent, the operation must be stopped, and the equipment must be inspected to eliminate the fault in time.
六:氣源對切割得影響
6: Influence of air source on cutting
出廠時一般對氣的壓力不低于6公斤,但很多終端用戶都忽視了這一點,其原因是多個設備同用一個氣源,真正反應到設備上氣壓不足6公斤,有時甚至不足4公斤,這樣在切割過程中被切割的型材會松動從而導致崩料,有的甚至將刀頭崩掉,因此在使用銑刀以前,一定先檢查氣源壓力是否達到6公斤以上。
When leaving the factory, the air pressure is generally not less than 6kg, but many end users ignore this point. The reason is that multiple equipment use the same air source, which really reflects that the air pressure on the equipment is less than 6kg, sometimes even less than 4kg. In this way, the profile cut in the cutting process will loosen, resulting in material collapse, and some even collapse the cutter head. Therefore, before using the milling cutter, Be sure to check whether the air supply pressure reaches more than 6kg.
七:進給速度對銑刀的影響
7: Influence of feed rate on milling cutter
銑刀進給速度不僅影響銑刀的使用壽命而且直接影響被切割型材的光潔度和切割質量,現在一般出廠設計的進給速度最快為每分6米,但門窗廠在實際操作時都不會超過4米大部分都在每分3米以下,他們認為進給速度越慢切出來的光潔度越高,實際上是一個誤區,其原因是大部分人認為進給速度快容易崩齒再就是怕電機功率達不到,這種認為是錯誤的,曾經做過實驗,同一臺設備進給速度每分不低于5米的與每分3米的相比,切出來的光潔度完全是不一樣的,同樣的電機,同樣的鋸片,因此,我們建議將鋸片進給速度調至4-5米為宜,之所以這樣做。;
The feed speed of the milling cutter not only affects the service life of the milling cutter, but also directly affects the finish and cutting quality of the cut profile. At present, the fastest feed speed designed by the factory is 6 meters per minute, but the actual operation of the door and window factory will not exceed 4 meters, most of them are below 3 meters per minute. They think that the slower the feed speed is, the higher the finish is cut, which is actually a misunderstanding, The reason is that most people think that the feed speed is fast and easy to break teeth, and they are afraid that the motor power can not be reached. This view is wrong. Experiments have been done. For the same equipment with a feed speed of no less than 5m per minute, compared with 3M per minute, the cut finish is completely different. For the same motor and the same saw blade, therefore, We suggest that the feed speed of the saw blade should be adjusted to 4-5m, which is why we do so.;
其原因是:1.進給速度慢會產生的熱量大,尤其是斷橋鋁,熱量大會使隔熱層的呢絨66融化,而融化后它會浮著在鋸齒上一層塑料膜,這樣很快會使鋸齒的主刀刃產生負刃,在切割時就會使型材起毛刺;2.進給速度慢工作效率低;3.加快進給速度能提高工作效率,而主要是延長鋸片使用壽命。
The reasons are: 1 Slow feed speed will generate large amount of heat, especially broken bridge aluminum. The heat will melt the woolen 66 of the thermal insulation layer, and after melting, it will float a layer of plastic film on the sawtooth, which will soon produce a negative edge on the main blade of the sawtooth and Burr the profile during cutting; 2. Slow feed speed and low working efficiency; 3. Speeding up the feed speed can improve the work efficiency, mainly to prolong the service life of the saw blade.
八:正確使用冷卻液
8: Correct use of coolant
用水做冷卻液,這種做法不科學,原因是水只能起到短暫的冷卻而起不到潤滑作用,并在短時間內會生銹,不僅起不到潤滑作用反而縮短了鋸片的使用壽命。
Using water as coolant is unscientific, because water can only cool for a short time, but can not lubricate, and will rust in a short time, which not only can not lubricate, but also shortens the service life of the saw blade.
用皂化液做冷卻,這種做法成本低,但效果不佳,有時會使鋁屑粘接在鋸片的兩側和鋸齒上,正因如此有時會產生糊鋸因此降低了鋸片的使用壽命。
The method of cooling with saponification liquid has low cost, but the effect is poor. Sometimes aluminum chips will be bonded to both sides and sawteeth of the saw blade. Because of this, sometimes paste saws will occur, which reduces the service life of the saw blade.
用柴油、煤油做冷卻液,這種做法與使用純進口冷卻液相比成本較低,但是效果比前兩種有很大提高,但在切割過程中由于產生熱量較大會產生很大的煙霧給操作者帶來諸多不便。
Using diesel oil and kerosene as coolant has lower cost than using pure imported coolant, but the effect is much better than the first two. However, due to the large amount of heat generated in the cutting process, it will produce a lot of smoke, which will bring a lot of inconvenience to the operator.
建議用切削專用冷卻液,特點是無煙、無毒、無味,既能起到冷卻作用同時也起到潤滑作用,使用鋸片壽命延長三分之一。
It is recommended to use special coolant for cutting, which is smokeless, non-toxic and tasteless. It can not only cool but also lubricate, and prolong the service life of the saw blade by one third.
九:銑刀的儲放與刃磨
9: Storage and grinding of milling cutter
儲放銑刀時一定要豎放,銑刀上禁止擺放雜物以免發生變形。
When storing the milling cutter, it must be placed vertically. Sundries are not allowed to be placed on the milling cutter to avoid deformation.
當銑刀不鋒利時,必須進行研磨,在研磨時必須由專業廠家進行,不能修改原角度。
When the milling cutter is not sharp, it must be ground. When grinding, it must be carried out by professional manufacturers, and the original angle cannot be modified.